BC’s Recent Attempt to Halt the Spread of COVID-19: What the New Orders Mean for You and Your Business

| 6 minutes

On November 19, 2020, Provincial Health Officer Bonnie Henry (“Dr. Henry”) introduced a new health order restricting social interactions and business operations within BC.[1] The order will remain in effect until December 7, 2020, at 11:59 pm. 

Enforcement will focus primarily on workplaces, and those that do not comply may be subject to fines. Read more about available enforcement measures under the Public Health Act, S.B.C. 2008, c. 28, and the Emergency Program Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 111, here.

Orders and Recommendations


Masks are now required in all public indoor settings and retail stores, including in restaurants and bars when not seated at a table. Masks are also required in shared workplaces where physical distancing cannot be maintained, such as in elevators and hallways.

The following people are exempt from the requirement to wear masks:

  • those who are unable to wear a mask; and
  • those who cannot put on or remove a mask on their own.

Employers are expected to enforce the mask requirement for employees and customers, and can refuse entry or service to customers who do not comply.


Most businesses can remain open as long as they have a COVID-19 safety plan in place.

Workplaces must screen their employees on a daily basis. Workplaces must also:

  • ensure that all workers and customers wear masks in common areas;
  • remind employees to monitor themselves daily and to stay at home if they have symptoms; and
  • make every effort to provide work from home options.

Limited Social Interaction

No one is permitted to gather socially with anyone outside of their immediate household or “core bubble”. A “core bubble” can include a maximum of two relatives, friends, partners, or co-parents who happen to live in a different household.

The following is prohibited:

  • inviting friends or family to your household if they are outside your “core bubble”;
  • gathering outdoors with anyone outside your “core bubble”; and
  • dining with anyone outside your “core bubble”.

Permitted activities include:

  • going for a walk with someone outside your “core bubble”;
  • grandparents providing childcare;
  • carpool arrangements to and from school; and
  • welcoming a child home from university.

Religious Gatherings

In-person religious gatherings have been suspended.


Schools will remain open and are unaffected by the order.

Events and Community-based Gatherings

Community-based gatherings, as defined in the Gatherings and Events Order, have been suspended. These include, but are not limited to, galas, musicals, theatre performances, seasonal activities, silent auctions, and movie viewings in cinemas.

Fitness Centers

High-risk indoor group fitness activities, such as spin classes, hot yoga, and high intensity interval training sessions have been suspended. Other indoor group physical activities, such as dance classes, martial arts, and cheerleading, are permitted to continue, but will need to follow further public health guidance that is currently in development.

Individual exercise or practice can continue, as long as the facility offering these services strictly follows their COVID-19 safety plan.


Sports games, practices, and competitions are permitted, but spectators are not.

Individuals who provide care to participants or players, such as first aid providers, are not classified as spectators and are permitted to continue attending sporting events.

High performance athletes who are already training in B.C. are unaffected by the order, as long as they continue to follow the safety guidelines of their provincial sports organization.


Non-essential travel in and out of the province and between health regions is strongly discouraged, but not expressly prohibited. The only exception is travel for sports, which has been suspended.

Essential travel includes travel for work, medical appointments, and hospital visits.


Wedding, baptism, and funeral ceremonies are permitted to continue with a maximum of ten attendees (including the officiant). Receptions are not permitted at this time.

Other permitted activities include:

  • personal and home-based services, such as hair and nail salons, cleaning services, house repair, tutoring and music lessons, and home care for disabled individuals;
  • formal meetings, such as city-council meetings, Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, and group support meetings; and
  • rental and home sale viewings, though virtual viewings are encouraged.

Limousines and party buses must suspend operations until further notice.

Impact on Businesses

Businesses should immediately confirm whether their particular service has been suspended and proceed accordingly. Businesses that are permitted to remain open should revisit their COVID-19 safety plan and update it in accordance with the new order. A helpful guideline is available here.

Under the orders, businesses are required to implement a daily screening procedure for all onsite employees. Other changes to consider include:

  • a mask policy;
  • improved physical distancing guidelines;
  • a work-from-home policy, if appropriate; and
  • more stringent requirements in small office spaces, break rooms and kitchens.

Businesses should also discourage informal gathering among employees outside of the workplace.

Available Fines and Enforcement Measures

Once again, Dr. Henry has indicated that inspections and enforcement will increase, and focus primarily on workplaces. Now is the time for strict compliance. 

Dr. Henry has specifically warned that non-compliant restaurants may be subject to fines and closure orders. She has also indicated that those who operate limousines or party busses may be subject to $2,000 fines, and those who utilize these services may be subject to $200 fines.

Applicable fines pursuant to the legislation are as follows:



Contravention of the Public Health Act by, among other things, failing to

  • provide information;
  • take or provide preventive measures;
  • comply with an order;
  • take emergency preventive measures; or
  • make a report in an emergency.



  • a fine not exceeding $25,000 and/or up to six months’ imprisonment.[2]
  • administrative penalties, such as an order to pay compensation or perform community service.[3]

Contravention of the Public Health Act by

  • failing to prevent or respond to health hazards;
  • failing to train or equip employees;
  • failing to comply with a requirement or duty;
  • failing to comply with the regulations;
  • knowingly providing false or misleading information to a person exercising a power or performing a duty under it; or
  • willfully interfering with, or obstructs a person who is exercising a power or performing a duty under it.


  • a fine not exceeding $200,000 and/or up to six months’ imprisonment.[4]
  • administrative penalties, such as an order to pay compensation or perform community service.[5]

Contravention the Public Health Act by:

  • causing a health hazard; or
  • failing to provide a designated quarantine facility.


  • a fine not exceeding $3,000,000 and/or up to 36 months’ imprisonment.[6]
  • administrative penalties, such as an order to pay compensation or perform community service.[7]

Contravention of the Emergency Program Act  or interference with or obstruction of any person in the exercise of any power or performance of any duty under it.

  • a fine not exceeding $10,000 and/or up to one year of imprisonment.[8]

[1] The new order replaces and enhances a regional health order that was announced on November 7, 2020. That order only applied to the Vancouver Coastal Health and Fraser Health regions, whereas the new order is province-wide.

[2]Public Health Act, ss. .99(1), 108(1)(a)

[3]Public Health Act, s. 107.

[4]Public Health Act, ss. 99(2) and (4), and s. 108(1)(b).

[5]Public Health Act, s. 107.

[6]Public Health Act, ss. 99(3), 108(1)(c).

[7]Public Health Act, s. 107.

[8]Public Health Act, s. 27.



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