Cost Orders Under the Ontario Human Rights Code?

A common complaint we hear from employers who are engaged in proceedings before the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (Tribunal) is that regardless of the merits of the complaint, or the end result, the employer is burdened with the legal costs of successfully defending a complaint. Currently, the Tribunal does not have the explicit power under the Human Rights Code to order costs against the unsuccessful party, and the Supreme Court of Canada has stated that a human rights tribunal cannot order costs without an express grant from Parliament.

The introduction of a recent private members bill seeks to address that exact issue. Bill 147, An Act to amend the Human Rights Code with respect to the awarding of costs of proceedings, would grant the Tribunal the discretionary power to order legal costs against the unsuccessful party. Whether the Tribunal would utilize this discretion against complainants, whether unrepresented or not, is difficult to predict, but it at least creates that potential, particularly given the frivolous and vexatious nature of some complaints.

Given that Bill 147 was introduced by the opposition Progressive Conservative party and has not yet been the subject of debate in the Ontario Legislature, it still has a long way to go before being passed into law. Regardless, it raises a very important issue for employers and we will provide an update if this bill gains any traction.

Bill 147 complaint frivolous complaint Human Rights Code Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario Ontario Legislature Supreme Court of Canada vexatious complaint



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