This Week at the SCC (19/09/2014)
The Supreme Court of Canada released judgment this week in a trilogy of cases of interest to Canadian businesses and professions.
In Bank of Montreal v. Marcotte, 2014 SCC 55, Amex Bank of Canada v. Adams, 2014 SCC 56 and Marcotte v. Fédération des caisses Desjardins du Québec, 2014 SCC 57, the Court upheld class action trial judgments against several financial institutions in which consumers recovered conversion charges that the defendants imposed upon credit card purchases made in foreign currencies. The defendants were found not to have complied with certain disclosure required in the Quebec Consumer Protection Act (the “CPA”) with respect to conversion charges assessed by them. The Court rejected arguments that the relevant CPA provisions were constitutionally inapplicable or inoperative under the doctrines of interjurisdictional immunity and paramountcy, based on their impairment of the federal banking power or conflict with the Bank Act. As well, the Court clarified that a class action may be authorized even where the representative plaintiff does not have a direct cause of action against each named defendant, so long as he or she is an adequate representative of the class and the actions against each defendant involve identical, similar or related questions of fact. The Court also addressed the threshold for awarding punitive damages in the class actions context.
For more extensive discussions of the Marcotte trilogy, please see the blog post prepared by my colleague Shaun Finn (focusing on its implications for class actions law), and the legal update prepared by my colleagues James Archer, Ana Badour and Robert Metcalfe (focusing on its implications for constitutional law and financial institutions).
The McCarthy Tétrault Opinions Group consists of members of the firm’s litigation department whose practices focus on written advocacy and the provision of strategic advice and opinions in the context of complex business disputes and transactions. The members of the Opinions Group are Anthony Alexander, Martin Boodman, Brandon Kain and Hovsep Afarian.
Marcotte; interjurisdictional immunity; paramountcy; class actions; punitive damages; consumers; financial institutions